Older Than Göbeklitepe! 12 Thousand-Year-Old Public Buildings Were Found In Boncuklu Tarla, Turkey

Older Than Göbeklitepe 12 Thousand-Year-Old Public Buildings Were Found In Boncuklu Tarla

Older Than Göbeklitepe! 12 Thousand-Year-Old Public Buildings Were Found In Boncuklu Tarla, Turkey

The studies carried out in Boncuklu Tarla which is an archeological site in Southeastern Anatolia Region like Göbeklitepe, shed light on the history of humanity. In the excavations carried out in Boncuklu Tarla, public buildings dating back 12 thousand years, which belonged in 3 periods and were built on top of each other , were found.

Göbeklitepe'den daha eski! Boncuklu Tarla'da 12 bin yıllık kamu binalarına rastlandı - Resim: 1

In the area that has hosted 25 civilizations throughout history, including Sumerian, Akkad, Babylonian, Hittite, Assyrian, Urartian, Roman, Abbasid, Seljuk and Ottoman, archaeological excavations initiated in 2012 by the Mardin Museum Directorate continue intermittently.

Excavation works have been completed in 4 decares of area in Boncuklu Tarla, which is aimed to be brought to tourism.

Göbeklitepe'den daha eski! Boncuklu Tarla'da 12 bin yıllık kamu binalarına rastlandı - Resim: 3

Within the scope of the project with a budget of approximately 10 million liras, the region will be opened to tourism with the completion of excavation works on 11 decares of area.

Göbeklitepe'den daha eski! Boncuklu Tarla'da 12 bin yıllık kamu binalarına rastlandı - Resim: 4

In this season the excavations were conducted by a team that consists of  15 archaeologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, archaeozoologist, archaeobotanists and Assoc. Dr. Ergül Kodaş who is the head of the team and the lecturer of Archeology Department in Mardin Artuklu University. And in the excavations, the remains of the “public building”, which was built on top of each other and belonged to 3 periods and is stated to be 12 thousand years old, were found. Many finds such as beads, arrowheads and bones were also unearthed at the site.

Göbeklitepe'den daha eski! Boncuklu Tarla'da 12 bin yıllık kamu binalarına rastlandı - Resim: 5

Kodaş stated that Boncuklu Tarla is a settlement dating to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic Period and because the villagers found so many beads in the area, this name was given to the field. ( Beads mean boncuk in Turkish language) Also Kodaş said, “It was detected that there was an uninterrupted settlement in Boncuklu Tarla from 13 thousand BC to the end of 8 thousand BC. Architectural remains, skeletons, small finds and many beads from different periods were found.”

Kodaş noted that the excavations continue in the 300 square meters area in the easternmost part of the mound.

Assoc. Dr. Kodaş said “ The important part of  the “public buildings”, dating back to 10,000 BC, was unearthed. An entire building was unearthed. These are large-scale structures that have been used by many non-residential individuals or groups.”

Göbeklitepe'den daha eski! Boncuklu Tarla'da 12 bin yıllık kamu binalarına rastlandı - Resim: 6

Kodaş stated: It was determined that the building was built in a different way from the residence in terms of both architecture and interior arrangements, indicating that there are stelae (a solid piece of stone erected with a height longer than the width), buttresses (a wooden or concrete supporting abutment used to keep a vertical carrier, building or boat in balance and to prevent it from tipping, collapsing or slipping) and columns.

Göbeklitepe'den daha eski! Boncuklu Tarla'da 12 bin yıllık kamu binalarına rastlandı - Resim: 10

Kodaş stated that as the excavation progressed, they realized that there were structures belonging to two different phases under this building.

Göbeklitepe'den daha eski! Boncuklu Tarla'da 12 bin yıllık kamu binalarına rastlandı - Resim: 11

“Buildings with similar dimensions and features were built on top of each other on the same area. All of the phases belonged to 10 thousand BC. After one was abandoned, it was filled and a new one was built on it. We don’t know the exact time between each phase yet, but it seems like it wasn’t too long.” Kodaş stated that the use of these “public buildings”, which can also be associated as belief centers, will be better revealed in the future.

Göbeklitepeden daha eski

Kodaş said, “In the future, both scientific excavations will be supported and the the region will be able to introduced to wider masses.”

A large number of finds from the Epipalaeolithic Period to the Late Pre-Pottery Neolithic Period B have been unearthed so far in Boncuklu Tarla, which has ​​approximately 2.5 hectares of area.

In the excavations, architectural remains, houses, private buildings, “public buildings” and the skeletons of 130 individuals in the tombs, more than 100 thousand beads and a temple thought to be dated to 11,300 years from the Neolithic Period have been found so far.

It was announced that the last temple found in Boncuklu Tarla is estimated to be 12 thousand years old.

Translated by: Yasemin Aydın

Source: AA

Eleven New Neolithic Hill Sites Discovered Near Göbeklitepe, Turkey

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Older Than Göbeklitepe! 12 Thousand-Year-Old Public Buildings Were Found In Boncuklu Tarla, Turkey/Older Than Göbeklitepe! 12 Thousand-Year-Old Public Buildings Were Found In Boncuklu Tarla, Turkey

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